段階的な数量詞

段階的な数量詞は、比べる要素の正確な数量を特定することなく、ひとつの数量詞と他の数量詞を比較します。段階的な数量詞は、名詞の前に置かれ、可算名詞か不可算名詞かで異なる数量詞が必要となります。文脈から明確な場合は、名詞が省略される時もあります。

これらは、独特な形の比較級と最上級で、質 (形容詞)や何かがなされた様子の程度(副詞)を比べます。比較級や最上級といった段階的な数量詞は、増加や減少の尺度で相対的な位置を保持します。最上級の前には、常に theがつきます。

数量詞 比較級 最上級
複数の可算名詞
many more most
few fewer fewest
不可算名詞と共に
much more most
little less least
  • There are many people in England, more people in India, but the most people live in China.
  • Much time and money is spent on education, more on health services but the most is spent on national defence.
  • Few rivers in Europe are not polluted.
  • Fewer people die young now than in the seventeenth century.
  • The country with the fewest people per square kilometre must be Australia.
  • Scientists have little hope of finding a complete cure for cancer before the year 2020.
  • She had less time to study than Paul but had better results.
  • Give that dog the least opportunity and it will bite you.