不特定量、限定されない量

Someany は可算名詞と不可算名詞と一緒に使われて不特定な量や限定されない量を述べます。

"some"の使い方

Some は、記述文に使うことができます。

  • I had some rice for lunch.
  • He got some books from the library.
  • I will have some news next week.
  • Philip wants some help with his exams.
  • There is some butter in the fridge.

Someは、すでに答えがわかっていると思う疑問文にも使うことが出来ます。

  • Did he give you some tea? = I think he did.
  • Is there some fruit juice in the fridge? = I think there is.
  • Would you like some help? = Probably you do.
  • Will you have some roast beef? = Probably you will

Some は、何かが欲しい時や、何かを与えたい時の疑問文にも使えます。

Examples
  • Could I have some books, please?
  • Why don't you take some apples home with you?
  • Would you like some tea?
  • Will you have some cake?

"any"の使い方

Anyは、答えがわからない疑問文に使います。

  • Do you have any friends in London?
  • Do they have any children?
  • Do you want any groceries from the shop?
  • Are there any problems with your work?

Any は、notと一緒に使って否定文にすることもできます。こうした文章では、 any は否定を強調し、より絶対的にします。

  • She doesn't want any kitchen appliances for Christmas.
  • They don't need any help moving to their new house.
  • I don't want any cake.
  • There isn't any reason to complain.