How much? や How many?という質問に答えるために 特定の数量詞を可算名詞(friends, cups, people)と一緒に、その他の数量詞を不可算名詞 (sugar, tea, money) と一緒に、そしてそれ以外の数量詞をすべてのタイプの名詞と一緒に使うことが出来ます。
|a little||no, none, not any||a few|
|a bit of||some||a number of|
|a great deal of||a lot of, lots of||a great number of|
|a large amount of||plenty of||a large number of|
- Would you like some tea and a few cookies?
- I always put a little milk and some carrots in my soup.
- He has several apples. I don't have any fruit at all.
- She has plenty of clothes for the winter.
- I recieved a large amount of feedback from my survey.
muchと many は、主に疑問文や否定文に使われます。また、これらは too や soと一緒に肯定文や否定文に使われます。注意： many という言葉は、それだけで肯定文に使うことができる一方、 much は、それができません。 Much は、肯定文の中では a lot ofや lots of に置き換えられます(これらの表現は manyを置き換えることもできます)。
|How much sugar do you have?||How many people came to the concert?|
|There's not much sugar at the store.||Not many people came to the concert.|
|I have too much sugar at home.||There were too many people at the concert.|
|I don't know what to do with so much sugar.||It's a problem when there are so many people.|
|I wish there was not so much sugar here.||There were not so many people last year.|
|There is a lot of sugar in candy.||There are many people who want to come. = There are a lot of people who want to come.|