疑問の形と間接話法

言葉の順序

通常の言葉の順序が間接話法で使われます。つまり主語が動詞の前に来て、'do'や 'did'を使う必要はありません:

直接話法 間接話法
"Where does Peter live?" She asked him where Peter lived.
"Where are you going?" She asked where I was going.
"Why is she crying?" He asked why she was crying.
Yes / noの質問

このタイプの質問は、'ask' + 'if / whether' +文節を使って尋ねます:

直接話法 間接話法
"Do you speak English?" He asked me if I spoke English.
"Are you British or American?" He asked me whether I was British or American.
"Is it raining?" She asked if it was raining.
"Have you got a computer?" He wanted to know whether I had a computer.
"Can you type?" She asked if I could type.
"Did you come by train?" He enquired whether I had come by train.
"Have you been to Bristol before?" She asked if I had been to Bristol before.
質問詞

このタイプの質問は、'ask' (または 'ask'のような動詞) + 質問詞 + 文節で、通常の言葉の順序で、必要な時制に変えたものです。

直接話法 間接話法
"What is your name?" he asked me. He asked me what my name was.
"How old is your mother?", he asked. He asked how old her mother was.
The policman said to the boy, "Where do you live?" The policeman asked the boy where he lived.
"What time does the train arrive?" she asked. She asked what time the train arrived.
"When can we have dinner?" she asked. She asked when they could have dinner.
Peter said to John, "Why are you so late?" Peter asked John why he was so late.