間接話法を使う場合の時制の変更 | 英語文法 | EF

間接話法を使う場合の時制の変更

一般に間接会話における時制は、直接話法の時制のひとつ前の時制になります:
She said, "I am tired." = She said that she was tired.

直接話法の句 相当する間接話法
単純現在 単純過去
"I always drink coffee", she said She said that she always drank coffee.
現在継続 過去継続
"I am reading a book", he explained. He explained that he was reading a book
単純過去 過去完了
"Bill arrived on Saturday", he said. He said that Bill had arrived on Saturday.
現在完了 過去完了
"I have been to Spain", he told me. He told me that he had been to Spain.
過去完了 過去完了
"I had just turned out the light," he explained. He explained that he had just turned out the light.
現在完了継続 過去完了継続
They complained, "We have been waiting for hours". They complained that they had been waiting for hours.
過去継続 過去完了継続
"We were living in Paris", they told me. They told me that they had been living in Paris.
未来 条件付現在
"I will be in Geneva on Monday", he said. He said that he would be in Geneva on Monday.
未来継続 条件付継続
She said, "I'll be using the car next Friday". She said that she would be using the car next Friday.

伝達動詞が現在形の場合や、話された言葉の内容が現在も真実である場合は、時制を変える必要はありません。例:

  • He says he has missed the train but he'll catch the next one.
  • We explained that it is very difficult to find our house.

 

これらの法動詞は間接話法でも変わりません:might, could, would, should, ought to

  • We explained, "It could be difficult to find our house." = We explained that it could be difficult to find our house.
  • She said, "I might bring a friend to the party." = She said that she might bring a friend to the party.