不定詞が後に続く動詞

多くの動詞の後に、第二の動詞が不定詞の形で続くことがあります。このページに挙げたすべての動詞の後にはto不定詞を続けることが出来ます。星印が付いている動詞の後には、例で示したようにthat節を続けることも出来ます。星印が二つ付いている動詞は、主動詞の主語が "it"の場合、that節のみが後に続くものです。

不定詞が後に続く動詞

afford agree* aim appear** arrange* bother care
claim* condescend consent decide* demand* determine* endeavour
fail guarantee* happen* hasten have (= be obliged) hesitate hope*
learn long manage offer prepare pretend* proceed
promise* propose prove (= turn out) refuse resolve* seek seem**
strive swear* tend threaten* trouble undertake volunteer
vow*          
  • I hope to see you next week.
  • I hope that I'll see you next week.
  • He claimed to be an expert.
  • He claimed that she was an expert.
  • I managed to reach the top of the hill.
  • Would you care to swim?
  • It appeared that no-one had locked the door.
  • He appeared to be lost.
  • It seems that she is running late.
  • She seems to be running late.

名詞 + 不定詞が続く動詞

accustom aid appoint assist cause challenge command*
defy direct* drive empower enable encourage entice
entitle entreat force get implore* incite induce
inspire instruct* invite lead leave (= 他の誰かの責任にする) oblige order*
persuade* press prompt provoke remind* require* stimulate
summon teach tell tempt trust* warn*  
  • The professor challenged his students to argue with his theory.
  • This law empowers the government to charge higher taxes.
  • You can't force me to do something I don't agree with.
  • I invited the new student to have dinner with me.
  • What inspired you to write this poem?
That節の前に名詞がない動詞

特定の動詞の後にthat節が続き、不定詞を使う場合はその前に名詞があるのに、that節の前変えると名詞がなくなる場合があります。これは動詞がcommand, direct, entreat, implore, order, requireや trustの場合です。

  • I trust you to tell the truth.
  • I trust that you are telling the truth.
  • The general commanded his men to surrender.
  • The general commanded that his men surrender.
That節の前に名詞がある動詞

他の動詞では、 that節が後に続く場合、不定詞を使う場合と同じようにその前に名詞が来ます。これは動詞が persuade やremindの場合です。

  • You can't persuade people to buy small cars.
  • You can't persuade people that small cars are better.
  • He reminded me to take my notebook to school.
  • He reminded me that I would need my notebook.
That節の前に名詞があってもなくてもよい動詞

That節が後に続く動詞の最後のグループです。動詞instruct, teachと warnを使う場合

  • She taught her students to appreciate poetry.
  • She taught her students that poetry was valuable.
  • She taught that poetry was valuable.

後に不定詞や noun +不定詞が続く動詞

ask* beg* choose dare desire* elect expect*
help mean* (=intend) request* want wish*    
  • I asked him to show me the book.
  • I asked to see the book.
  • She helped me to put away the dishes.
  • She helped to put away the dishes.
  • We expect you to do your best in the exam.
  • We expect to do well on our exams.
  • Do you want to go to the beach?
  • Do you want me to go with you to the beach?
挑戦に使う

否定や疑問文では、両方の動詞の主語が同じ場合、toを省略する方がより一般的ですが、to不定詞でもtoなし不定詞でも使うことが出来ます。二つの動詞の主語が異なる場合には、toが必要です。

  • I never dared tell him what happened.
  • Do you dare tell him?
  • Would you dare (to) jump out of a plane?
  • I dare you to tell him the truth.
  • She dared me to jump off the wall.